Table 3.

The results of short-term (1988–present) comparisons of public land use and survey results of nature recreation choices

Recreation choiceU.S. public land
Nature recreation choices
NPVSPVBLMCampmmCamping NP/NFmmCamping SP/SFBackpackingHikemmBackpacking HikingATHike
Fishing0.8200.8290.8110.6200.611−0.615−0.641−0.862
<0.0005** <0.0005** <0.0005** 0.006** 0.007** 0.033* 0.004** <0.0005**
Hunting−0.895−0.507
<0.0005** 0.032*
Ducks0.608
0.010**
CampingRC
mmCamping NP/NF0.5290.6310.591RC−0.546
0.024* 0.016* 0.026* 0.019*
mmCamping SP/SF0.577RC
0.012*
BackpackingRC0.6990.678
0.011* 0.015*
HikingRC
mmBackpacking Hiking−0.565RC0.717
0.035* 0.001**
ATHike−0.777−0.767−0.846RC
<0.0005** 0.001** <0.0005**
  • Results of short-term comparisons are given above the diagonal formed by redundant comparisons (RC). None of these comparisons were significantly correlated in both raw and year-to-year percentage changes. Blank cells indicate no significant result.

  • *, significant at the 0.05 level;

  • **, significant at the 0.01 level.