Table 1.

Sample logic and linguistic arguments

Logic argumentLinguistic argument
1aPremiseIf both X and Z then not Y.2aPremiseIt was X that Y saw Z take.
ConclusionIf Y then either not X or not Z.ConclusionZ was seen by Y taking X.
1bPremiseIf not either Z or Y then X.2bPremiseWhat Z told X was Y.
ConclusionIf not X then both Z and Y.ConclusionIt was to Y that Z told X.