Table 1.

Associations between cardiovascular fitness and intelligence scores as well as muscular strength and intelligence scores at age 18 y

ParameterGlobal intelligenceLogical intelligenceVerbal intelligenceVisuospatial intelligenceTechnical intelligence
Cardiovascular fitness
    n1,214,4721,159,0111,158,1461,158,1481,146,662
    b0.222 (0.220–0.224)0.221 (0.219–0.223)0.189 (0.187–0.190)0.161 (0.159–0.163)0.141 (0.139–0.143)
    r0.200.200.180.150.13
Muscular strength
    n1,217,5841,161,5451,160,6851,160,6871,149,185
    b0.056 (0.054–0.057)0.014 (0.012–0.016)−0.003 (−0.005 to −0.001)0.045 (0.043–0.047)0.129 (0.128–0.131)
    r0.0540.01−0.0030.040.13
    b10.333 (0.320–0.345)0.237 (0.225–0.250)0.159 (0.147–0.171)0.277 (0.265–0.289)0.429 (0.417–0.441)
    b20.030 (0.028–0.032)−0.006 (−0.008 to −0.004)−0.017 (−0.019 to −0.015)0.023 (0.021–0.025)0.100 (0.098–0.102)
  • Values in parentheses are 95% CIs. b=regression coefficient presented with 95% confidence intervals. r=Pearson correlation coefficients. b1, linear regression analysis for muscular strength score 1–4; b2, muscular strength score 4–9.