Table 1

Compounds selected from Beilstein

No.Molecular formulaChemical nameChemical Abstracts Service registry number
  1CH2OFormaldehyde50-00-0
  2CH2O2Formic acid64-18-6
  3C2H2O2Ethanedial107-22-2
  4C2H2O3Oxo-acetic acid298-12-4
  5C2H2O4Oxalic acid144-62-7
  6C2H4O2Acetic acid64-19-7
  7C2H4O2Hydroxy-acetaldehyde141-46-8
  8C2H4O3Dihydroxy-acetaldehyde631-59-4
  9C2H4O3Hydroxy-acetic acid79-14-1
 10C2H4O4Dihydroxy-acetic acid563-96-2
 11C3H2O32-Oxo-malonaldehyde497-16-5
 12C3H2O42,3-Dioxo-propionic acid815-53-2
 13C3H2O52-Oxo-malonic acid473-90-5
 14C3H4O32,3-Dihydroxy-propenal636-38-4
 15C3H4O32-Hydroxy-acrylic acid19071-34-2
 16C3H4O32-Hydroxy-malonaldehyde497-15-4
 17C3H4O32-Oxo-propionic acid127-17-3
 18C3H4O33-Hydroxy-2-oxo-propionaldehyde997-10-4
 19C3H4O33-Hydroxy-acrylic acid65034-30-2
 20C3H4O33-Oxo-propionic acid926-61-4
 21C3H4O42,2-Dihydroxy-malonaldehyde4464-20-4
 22C3H4O42,3-Dihydroxy-acrylic acid2702-94-5
 23C3H4O42-Hydroxy-3-oxo-propionic acid2480-77-5
 24C3H4O43,3-Dihydroxy-acrylic acid177594-62-6
 25C3H4O43-Hydroxy-2-oxo-propionic acid1113-60-6
 26C3H4O4Malonic acid141-82-2
 27C3H4O52-Hydroxy-malonic acid80-69-3
 28C3H4O62,2-Dihydroxy-malonic acid560-27-0
 29C3H6O31,1-Dihydroxy-propan-2-one1186-47-6
 30C3H6O31,3-Dihydroxy-propan-2-one96-26-4
 31C3H6O32,3-Dihydroxy-propionaldehyde453-17-8
 32C3H6O32-Hydroxy-propionic acid50-21-5
 33C3H6O33-Hydroxy-propionic acid503-66-2
 34C3H6O42,2-Dihydroxy-propionic acid1825-45-2
 35C3H6O42,3-Dihydroxy-propionic acid473-81-4
 36C4H2O42,3-Dihydroxy-buta-1,3-diene-1,4-dione7472724*
 37C4H2O42,3-Dioxo-succinaldehyde97245-29-9
 38C4H2O62,3-Dioxo-succinic acid7580-59-8
 39C4H4O42,4-Dioxo-butyric acid1069-50-7
 40C4H4O42-Hydroxy-4-oxo-but-2-enoic acid114847-32-4
 41C4H4O42-Methylene-malonic acid4442-03-9
 42C4H4O43,4-Dioxo-butyric acid20602-39-5
 43C4H4O44-Hydroxy-2-oxo-but-3-enoic acid1748936*
 44C4H4O4But-2-enedioic acid6915-18-0
 45C4H4O52-Hydroxy-but-2-enedioic acid7619-04-7
 46C4H4O52-Oxo-succinic acid328-42-7
 47C4H4O62,3-Dihydroxy-but-2-enedioic acid13096-38-3
 48C4H4O62-Hydroxy-3-oxo-succinic acid5651-05-8
 49C4H4O72-Carboxy-2-hydroxy-malonic acid44968-58-3
 50C4H6O41,4-Dihydroxy-butane-2,3-dione162369-87-1
 51C4H6O42,3-Dihydroxy-succinaldehyde34361-91-6
 52C4H6O42-Hydroxy-3-oxo-butyric acid37520-05-1
 53C4H6O42-Hydroxy-4-oxo-butyric acid62386-30-5
 54C4H6O42-Methyl-malonic acid516-05-2
 55C4H6O43,3-Dihydroxy-2-methyl-acrylic acid69858-40-8
 56C4H6O43,4-Dihydroxy-2-oxo-butyraldehyde496-56-0
 57C4H6O43-Hydroxy-2-oxo-butyric acid1944-42-9
 58C4H6O43-Hydroxy-4-oxo-butyric acid10495-18-8
 59C4H6O44-Hydroxy-2-oxo-butyric acid22136-38-5
 60C4H6O4Succinic acid110-15-6
 61C4H6O52,3,4-Trihydroxy-but-2-enoic acid1928462*
 62C4H6O52,3-Dihydroxy-4-oxo-butyric acid10385-76-9
 63C4H6O52-Hydroxy-2-methyl-malonic acid595-48-2
 64C4H6O52-Hydroxymethyl-malonic acid4360-96-7
 65C4H6O52-Hydroxy-succinic acid6915-15-7
 66C4H6O53,4-Dihydroxy-2-oxo-butyric acid114579-56-5
 67C4H6O62,2-Dihydroxy-succinic acid60047-52-1
 68C4H6O62,3-Dihydroxy-succinic acid526-83-0
 69C4H6O62-Hydroxy-2-hydroxymethyl-malonic acid54472-64-9
 70C4H6O82,2,3,3-Tetrahydroxy-succinic acid76-30-2
 71C5H2O52,3,4-Trioxo-pentanedial97245-30-2
 72C5H4O52-Formyl-but-2-enedioic acid111598-98-2
 73C5H4O54-Oxo-pent-2-enedioic acid6004-32-6
 74C5H4O62-Carboxy-but-2-enedioic acid4364-81-2
 75C5H4O72,3-Dihydroxy-4-oxo-pent-2-enedioic acid89712-64-1
 76C5H4O72-Carboxy-3-hydroxy-but-2-enedioic acid1785338*
 77C5H4O72-Carboxy-3-oxo-succinic acid4378-81-8
 78C5H4O72-Hydroxy-3,4-dioxo-pentanedioic acid89282-33-7
 79C5H4O82,2-Dicarboxy-malonic acid193197-67-0
 80C5H6O52-Formyl-succinic acid5856-44-0
 81C5H6O52-Hydroxy-3-methyl-but-2-enedioic acid148716-85-2
 82C5H6O52-Methyl-3-oxo-succinic acid642-93-3
 83C5H6O52-Oxo-pentanedioic acid328-50-7
 84C5H6O53-Oxo-pentanedioic acid542-05-2
 85C5H6O62,3,5-Trihydroxy-4-oxo-pent-2-enoic acid5425275*
 86C5H6O62-Carboxy-succinic acid922-84-9
 87C5H6O62-Hydroxy-2-methyl-3-oxo-succinic acid1777463*
 88C5H6O62-Hydroxy-4-oxo-pentanedioic acid1187-99-1
 89C5H6O62-Hydroxymethyl-3-oxo-succinic acid89323-48-8
 90C5H6O72,3,4-Trihydroxy-pent-2-enedioic acid91113-90-5
 91C5H6O72,3-Dihydroxy-4-oxo-pentanedioic acid1787046*
 92C5H6O72-Carboxy-2-hydroxy-succinic acid110863-50-8
 93C5H6O72-Carboxy-3-hydroxy-succinic acid80754-80-9
 94C5H6O82-Carboxy-2,3-dihydroxy-succinic acid639-51-0
 95C5H8O62,2-Bis-hydroxymethyl-malonic acid173783-71-6
 96C5H8O62,2-Dihydroxy-3-methyl-succinic acid4980495*
 97C5H8O62,2-Dihydroxy-pentanedioic acid23788-98-9
 98C5H8O62,3,4-Trihydroxy-5-oxo-pentanoic acid114375-57-4
 99C5H8O62,3,5-Trihydroxy-4-oxo-pentanoic acid134616-21-0
100C5H8O62,3-Dihydroxy-2-methyl-succinic acid15853-34-6
101C5H8O62,3-Dihydroxy-pentanedioic acid82864-78-6
102C5H8O62,4-Dihydroxy-pentanedioic acid82864-77-5
103C5H8O62-Hydroxy-2-hydroxymethyl-succinic acid2957-09-7
104C5H8O63,4,5-Trihydroxy-2-oxo-pentanoic acid110902-88-0
105C5H8O72,3,4-Trihydroxy-pentanedioic acid608-55-9
106C5H8O72,3-Dihydroxy-2-hydroxymethyl-succinic acid6115630*
107C6H4O64,5-Dioxo-hex-2-enedioic acid6123412*
108C6H4O82,3-Dicarboxy-but-2-enedioic acid4363-44-4
109C6H6O62,5-Dihydroxy-hexa-2,4-dienedioic acid1725831*
110C6H6O62,5-Dioxo-hexanedioic acid25466-26-6
111C6H6O62-Carboxy-3-methyl-but-2-enedioic acid1781603*
112C6H6O62-Carboxy-3-methylene-succinic acid1779647*
113C6H6O63,4-Dioxo-hexanedioic acid533-76-6
114C6H6O63,6-Dihydroxy-2,5-dioxo-hex-3-enoic acid2443471*
115C6H6O63-Carboxy-pent-2-enedioic acid499-12-7
116C6H6O73-Carboxy-2-hydroxy-pent-2-enedioic acid1792255*
117C6H6O73-Carboxy-2-oxo-pentanedioic acid1948-82-9
118C6H6O82,3-Dicarboxy-succinic acid4378-76-1
119C6H6O83,4-Dihydroxy-2,5-dioxo-hexanedioic acid1794752*
120C6H6O83-Carboxy-2-hydroxy-4-oxo-pentanedioic acid3687-15-8
121C6H8O62-Carboxy-2-methyl-succinic acid39994-39-3
122C6H8O62-Carboxy-3-methyl-succinic acid61713-72-2
123C6H8O62-Carboxy-pentanedioic acid4756-09-6
124C6H8O62-Hydroxy-2-methyl-4-oxo-pentanedioic acid19071-44-4
125C6H8O62-Hydroxy-5-oxo-hexanedioic acid13095-45-9
126C6H8O63-Carboxy-pentanedioic acid99-14-9
127C6H8O72,3,5,6-Tetrahydroxy-4-oxo-hex-2-enoic acid5478036*
128C6H8O72,3,5-Trihydroxy-4,6-dioxo-hexanoic acid4746-27-4
129C6H8O72,3-Dihydroxy-5-oxo-hexanedioic acid26566-33-6
130C6H8O73,4,6-Trihydroxy-2,5-dioxo-hexanoic acid2595-33-7
131C6H8O73-Carboxy-2-hydroxy-pentanedioic acid320-77-4
132C6H8O73-Carboxy-3-hydroxy-pentanedioic acid77-92-9
133C6H8O74,5,6-Trihydroxy-2,3-dioxo-hexanoic acid7683-53-6
134C6H8O82,3,4-Trihydroxy-5-oxo-hexanedioic acid149250-15-7
135C6H8O82-Carboxy-2,4-dihydroxy-pentanedioic acid82848-19-9
136C6H8O83-Carboxy-2,3-dihydroxy-pentanedioic acid6205-14-7
137C6H8O92-Carboxy-2,3,4-trihydroxy-pentanedioic acid1801017*
138C6H10O72-(1,2-Dihydroxy-ethyl)-2-hydroxy-succinic acid1790363*
139C6H10O72,3,4,5,6-Pentahydroxy-hex-2-enoic acid113892-19-6
140C6H10O72,3,4,5-Tetrahydroxy-6-oxo-hexanoic acid6814-36-4
141C6H10O72,3,4,6-Tetrahydroxy-5-oxo-hexanoic acid13425-57-5
142C6H10O72,3,4-Trihydroxy-2-hydroxymethyl-5-oxo-pentanoic acid1711202*
143C6H10O72,3,4-Trihydroxy-2-methyl-pentanedioic acid469-44-3
144C6H10O72,3,4-Trihydroxy-hexanedioic acid4382-48-3
145C6H10O72,3,5,6-Tetrahydroxy-4-oxo-hexanoic acid54911-28-3
146C6H10O72,3,5-Trihydroxy-hexanedioic acid13427-52-6
147C6H10O72,3-Dihydroxy-2-(2-hydroxy-ethyl)-succinic acid1790420*
148C6H10O72,4-Dihydroxy-2-hydroxymethyl-pentanedioic acid98574-40-4
149C6H10O73,4,5,6-Tetrahydroxy-2-oxo-hexanoic acid73803-83-5
150C6H10O82,3,4,5-Tetrahydroxy-hexanedioic acid7558-19-2
151C6H10O82,3,4-Trihydroxy-2-hydroxymethyl-pentanedioic acid1712927*
152C6H10O83,4,5,5,6-Pentahydroxy-2-oxo-hexanoic acid7808083*
153C6H10O102,2,3,4,5,5-Hexahydroxy-hexanedioic acid1801900*
  • * Beilstein registry numbers. 

  • Member of the TCA.