Table 1.

A list of 16 breeds that were either labeled “ancient” in previous publications or were identified as basal in this study

BreedParker et al. (15)Vonholdt et al. (13)Present study
Afghan Hound1yy
Akita2yyy
Alaskan Malamute3yy
American Eskimo (recent)y*
Basenji4yyy
Canaan5y
Chow Chow6yy
Dingo7y
Eurasier (recent)y
Finnish Spitz8y
New Guinea singing dog9y
Saluki10yyy
Samoyed11ny
Shar-Pei12yyy
Shiba Inu13y
Siberian Husky14yy
  • The letters “y”, “n”, and “y*” indicate basal breeds, nonbasal breeds, and an inconclusive result, respectively. The absence of a letter indicates the breed was not a part of the study in question. Superscripted numbers following breed names correlate with the numbers under the dog symbols in Fig. 2. Detailed descriptions of these breeds are provided in Table S1.