Table 1.

Means for student competence, hireability, mentoring and salary conferral by student gender condition and faculty gender

Male target studentFemale target student
Male facultyFemale facultyMale facultyFemale faculty
VariableMeanSDMeanSDMeanSDMeanSDd
Competence4.01a(0.92)4.1a(1.19)3.33b(1.07)3.32b(1.10)0.71
Hireability3.74a(1.24)3.92a(1.27)2.96b(1.13)2.84b(0.84)0.75
Mentoring4.74a(1.11)4.73a(1.31)4.00b(1.21)3.91b(0.91)0.67
Salary30,520.83a(5,764.86)29,333.33a(4,952.15)27,111,11b(6,948.58)25,000.00b(7,965.56)0.60
  • Scales for competence, hireability, and mentoring range from 1 to 7, with higher numbers reflecting a greater extent of each variable. The scale for salary conferral ranges from $15,000 to $50,000. Means with different subscripts within each row differ significantly (P < 0.05). Effect sizes (Cohen’s d) represent target student gender differences (no faculty gender differences were significant, all P > 0.14). Positive effect sizes favor male students. Conventional small, medium, and large effect sizes for d are 0.20, 0.50, and 0.80, respectively (51). nmale student condition = 63, nfemale student condition = 64. ***P < 0.001.