Table 1.

Death rate ratio of Costa Rica relative to United States by sex, age, and cause of death, and distribution of deaths by cause, 1990s

Age and cause of deathDeath rate ratio for Costa Rica/United StatesPercent deaths
Males (95% CI)Females (95% CI)United StatesCosta Rica
All (40–89 y)0.85 (0.80–0.90)1.04 (0.97–1.10)100100
 40–64 y0.91 (0.82–1.01)0.91 (0.80–1.04)
 65–89 y0.82 (0.77–0.88)1.09 (1.01–1.17)
Cause of death
 Communicable0.80 (0.61–1.04)1.34 (1.01–1.78)55
 Lung cancer0.29 (0.22–0.38)0.17 (0.10–0.28)103
 Other cancer1.08 (0.96–1.22)1.09 (0.95–1.24)1923
 Heart diseases0.65 (0.58–0.72)0.89 (0.79–1.00)3628
 Cerebrovascular1.43 (1.17–1.75)1.42 (1.16–1.75)69
 Chro. respiratory1.06 (0.85–1.33)1.76 (1.39–2.22)57
 Diabetes1.35 (0.99–1.84)1.28 (0.93–1.77)34
 External injuries1.44 (1.16–1.79)1.65 (1.21–2.26)46
 Other1.09 (0.93–1.27)1.18 (1.00–1.40)1214
  • Rate ratios estimated with Poisson regression controlling for age (continuous and squared). Data from refs. 40 and 43.