Table 4.

RII in the odds of prevalence of selected health risk factors for United States and Costa Rica circa 2010, ages 55–79 y

Health risk factorUnited States (95% CI)Costa Rica (95% CI)
Living alone1.4 (1.0–2.0)1.6 (1.0–2.8)
Uninsured26.3 (16-44)3.9 (2.2–7.1)
Current smoker6.0 (4.1–8.8)1.2 (0.8–1.8)
Obese (BMI 30+ kg/m2)1.7 (1.3–2.2)0.8 (0.6–1.7)
Centrally obese2.0 (1.4–2.8)0.8 (0.5–1.1)
Sedentary0.3 (0.2–0.4)0.2 (0.1–0.4)
Uncontrolled
 Hypertension2.6 (1.9–3.5)1.3 (1.0–1.7)
 Dysglycemia3.7 (2.5–5.4)0.9 (0.6–1.3)
 Dyslipidemia0.9 (0.6–1.5)1.0 (0.7–1.4)
High CRP1.9 (1.2–3.0)1.6 (0.9–2.6)
Short telomeres1.4 (0.9–2.0)1.5 (0.9–2.4)
  • RII is the OR of individuals in the lowest SES-rank relative to the highest SES-rank, in logistic regression models controlling for age (continuous and squared) and sex. Data from refs. 44 and 45.