Table 2.

Prevalence of health risk factors. United States and Costa Rica circa 2010, ages 55–79 y by sex (age-adjusted percentages)

Risk factorsMalesFemales
United StatesCosta RicaUnited StatesCosta Rica
N2,0721,5802,1192,214
Total100100100100
Living arrangements
 Living alone148238
 Couple60235528
 3+ members26682265
Uninsured*1313145
Former smoker36372210
Current smoker1823148
BMI, kg/m2
 Underweight <18.51212
 Normal 18.5 – <2521362625
 Overweight 25–2941433139
 Obese 30+38204134
Central obesity58277677
Sedentary3115289
High blood pressure
 No39343626
 Controlled39214026
 Uncontrolled23452448
 (Ratio)(1.7)(0.5)(1.6)(0.5)
Dysglycemia
 No76738068
 Controlled7979
 Uncontrolled17181323
 (Ratio)(0.4)(0.5)(0.5)(0.4)
Dyslipidemia
 No38533533
 Controlled51344442
 Uncontrolled11122124
 (Ratio)(4.5)(2.8)(2.0)(1.7)
Short telomeres29242517
High CRP771111
  • Data from refs. 44 and 45.

  • * Ages 55–64 y only.

  • Waist circumference ≥102 cm in males and 88 cm in females.

  • Ratio of controlled to uncontrolled individuals.