Table S2.

Archaeobotanical remains of African and Asian crops from the sites included in this study

SitePYSSCMGBPKTMBKMBUUFKJSPUMKDNMWMBCSMADMBANJAAMVMHLKTotal
No. of samples analyzed1182232317491249n/a415520219214
Total sample volume (L)364240664130262.62422,3743232402042311415219>17443601,389>7,431.6
Pearl millet
Pennisetum glaucum2802660175130003220010000526
Pennisetum sp.0000000001000000001
cf Pennisetum glaucum000010601010100000000118
Pennisetum glaucum, chaff000013000000000000013
Sorghum
Sorghum bicolor507403013501020090000229
Sorghum cf bicolor0000001000000000001
cf Sorghum bicolor90000053000000000017
Sorghum sp., chaff001980007100600000000275
Finger millet
Eleusine coracana103001000000001000033
Cowpea
Vigna unguiculata0000001000000100002
Vigna cf unguiculata0000000031000000004
Baobab
Adansonia digitata30110020311000000012
Adansonia digitata, testa frags(6)(4)7000(5)0000000000022
cf Adansonia digitata, testa frags(1)0200001470000000015
Asian rice
Oryza sativa000040160001014813450025873
cf Oryza sativa0000001000000000023
Oryza sativa, chaff000020000000000000020
Mung bean
Vigna radiata0000003000000300006
Asian millets
Setaria cf verticillata000000000000001300013
cf Setaria000000000000031500018
Sesame
Sesamum cf indicum0000100000000020003
Wheat
Triticum sp.0000002000000000002
cf Triticum0000300000200000005
Pea
cf Pisum sativum0000000000700000007
Citrus
cf Rutaceae0000000000000100001
Cotton
Gossypium sp.0000000000100101036
Gossypium sp., testa frags000000000000022000(8)30
cf Gossypium sp., testa frags00000000050000000(1)6
Gossypium sp., funicular caps00002000030005010171182
Coconut
Cocos nucifera, endocarp frags000013541000000022000180
Total534578146342282511283601530377202102,623
  • Counts are of identifiable specimens (seeds unless indicated otherwise). Values in parentheses refer to the numbers of samples in which the specimen type was present where presence only was recorded. n/a, not available.