Table S6.

Main results: Fixed effects regressions

Treatment variableModel
Deforestation + disturbanceDeforestationDisturbance
Outcome1A1B2A2B3A3B
title_0−0.2994*** (0.0953)−0.1699*** (0.0590)−0.1295*** (0.0479)
title_1−0.2051* (0.1086)−0.0945** (0.0442)−0.1106 (0.0776)
title_1c−0.2621*** (0.0904)−0.1401*** (0.0504)−0.1220** (0.0521)
Counterfactual0.3692*** (0.0245)0.3709*** (0.0242)0.1745*** (0.0132)0.1759*** (0.0135)0.1946*** (0.0145)0.1950*** (0.0140)
Com.-fixed effects?YesYesYesYesYesYes
Year-fixed effects?YesYesYesYesYesYes
Control variables?YesYesYesYesYesYes
Clustered SEs?YesYesYesYesYesYes
Within R20.15590.15510.12950.12760.14170.1416
P > F0.00940.00700.02940.02050.00800.0053
Test statistic0.2926n/a0.0458n/a0.7756n/a
  • Dependent variable is the percentage of community deforested or disturbed in year t = 2000–2005; treatment is award of formal title (SE) (n = 51 communities × 6 y = 306 community-years).

  • Predicted outcome with all treatment variables set equal to zero; computed using delta-method.

  • P value from F-test of null hypothesis that coefficients on title_0 and title_1 are equal.

  • *** Significant at 1% level; **significant at 5% level; *significant at 10% level.