Table 1. Multivariate proportional hazards analysis
Variable Hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) P value*
Gleason grade, ≥4 + 3 vs. ≤3 + 4 3.11 (1.70-5.70) 0.0002
Pathological stage, ≥T3 vs. ≤T2 stage 2.80 (1.46-5.35) 0.002
Preoperative serum PSA, per ng/ml 1.03 (1.01-1.05) 0.0004
MUC1 staining, positive vs. negative 2.35 (1.30-4.24) 0.0005
AZGP1 staining, strong vs. weak/negative 0.38 (0.21-0.69) 0.002
  • * Wald test.

  • Serum PSA was used as a continuous variable.