Table 1. Culture sequence of studied populations, related time periods, and distribution of samples
Culture Time range No. tested Percent positive
Early Chinchorro 7050-3000 BC 18 39
Late Chinchorro 3000-1500 BC 53 43
Early Alto Ramirez 1000 BC-0 16 25
Late Alto Ramirez 0-400 AD 20 35
Cabuza 400-1050 AD 27 41
Maitas 1000-1250 AD 25 40
Chiribaya 1050-1250 AD 70 47
M8 (upper Chiribaya) 1050-1250 AD 16 19
San Miguel 1250-1350 AD 9 33
Inca 1450-1550 AD 26 50
Colonial 1550-1850 AD 3 67
All cultures 7050 BC-1850 AD 283 40.6
  • Conventional radiocarbon ages were determined by radiocarbon dating. No. tested, total number of mummies tested from each group; Percent positive, the percent of tested samples in each group that hybridized with our probe.