Table 2. BMAA in free-living cyanobacteria
Cyanobacterial species/strain Section* Habitat Origin Free BMAA, μg/g Protein BMAA, μg/g
Microcystis PCC 7806 I Freshwater The Netherlands 4 6
Microcystis PCC 7820 I Freshwater Scotland 6 12
Prochlorococcus marinus CCMP 1377 I Marine Sargasso Sea 32 57
Synechocystis PCC 6308 I Freshwater U.S.A. ND ND
Synechococcus PCC 6301 I Freshwater U.S.A. 25 ND
Chroococcidiopsis indica GQ2-7 II Marine coral Unknown 435 76
Chroococcidiopsis indica GT-3-26 II Marine rock Unknown 1,306 5,415
Myxosarcina burmensis GB-9-4 II Marine coral Marshall Islands 79 1,943
Myxosarcina concinna GT-7-6 II Marine coral Unknown 1,501 960
Lyngbya majuscula III Marine Zanzibar 32 4
Planktothrix agardhii NIES 595 III Freshwater Northern Ireland 318 30
Plectonema PCC 73110 III Unknown Unknown 155 150
Phormidium III Unknown Unknown 11 270
Symploca PCC 8002 III Marine, intertidal U.K. 3 262
Trichodesmium thiebautii III Marine Caribbean 145 8
Trichodesmium CCMP 1985 III Marine, coastal North Carolina 13 17
Anabaena PCC 7120 IV Unknown U.S.A. 32 ND
Anabaena variabilis ATCC 29413 IV Freshwater U.S.A. 35 ND
Aphanizomenon flos-aquae IV Marine Baltic Sea ND 866
Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii CR3 IV Freshwater Australia 6,478 14
Nodularia spumigena IV Brackish water Baltic Sea 16 50
Nodularia harveyana CCAP 1452/1 IV Marine Unknown 20 11
Nostoc 268 IV Brackish Water Baltic Sea 34 274
Nostoc PCC 6310 IV Freshwater Israel 42 ND
Nostoc PCC 7107 IV Freshwater U.S.A. 27 1,772
Nostoc sp. CMMED 01 IV Marine Hawaiian Islands 1,243 1,070
Calothrix PCC 7103 IV Unknown Unknown 13 92
Chlorogloeopsis PCC 6912 V Soil India 758 ND
Fischerella PCC 7521 V Yellowstone, hot spring U.S.A. 44 175
Scytonema PCC 7110 V Limestone cave Bermuda ND 1,733
  • ND, not detected.

  • * Morphological groupings are as defined in ref.1. Section I, unicellular cyanobacteria that reproduce by binary fusion or budding; section II, unicellular cyanobacteria that reproduce by multiple fission or by both multiple fission and binary fission; section III, filamentous, nonheterocystous cyanobacteria that divide in one plane; section IV, filamentous, heterocystous cyanobacteria that divide in only one plane; section V, heterocystous, filamentous cyanobacteria that divide in more than one plane.

  • Estimate of concentration based on <1 mg dry weight of sample.

  • BMAA was not detected in all samples of this isolate.