Table 2.

Risk factors independently associated with one of three M. tuberculosis lineages in 490 U.S.-born patients from San Francisco

M. tuberculosis lineageRisk factorAdjusted odds ratio(95% CI)P value
East-AsianChinese ethnicity19.8(4.6–84.2)<0.001
Homelessness3.0(1.4–6.2)0.004
Indo-OceanicFilipino ethnicity43.2(5.6–335)<0.001
Age ≥45 years3.9(1.5–10.1)0.004
HIV positive3.4(1.3–8.7)0.01
Euro-AmericanChinese ethnicity0.18(0.06–0.6)0.004
  • CI, confidence interval.