Table 1.

Male diabetes prevalence rates and diabetes risk factors by race and ethnicity: 25–70 years old

Prevalence and risk factorsAll races
White non-Hispanics
African-Americans
Hispanics
1999–20021988–19941976–19801999–20021988–19941976–19801999–20021988–19941976–19801999–20021988–19941976–1980
Prevalence
    Diagnosed, %7.04.63.16.34.73.08.45.75.08.53.91.4
    Clinical, %7.15.2NA6.44.8NA8.58.8NA7.65.3NA
    Total prevalence, %8.96.86.08.06.35.611.110.38.410.87.04.0
    Undiagnosed, %21.632.548.221.226.446.024.345.140.321.444.065.4
Risk factors
    Obese (clinical), %28.221.013.128.821.312.829.221.517.224.323.015.1
    Height (clinical), in69.469.369.069.969.669.269.769.569.067.166.967.0
    Age, years44.643.144.445.743.844.643.941.843.540.840.142.0
    Low ed, %20.923.133.212.818.029.436.432.353.046.756.569.8
    Middle ed, %24.931.131.326.432.033.122.736.924.919.221.617.3
    High ed, %55.145.735.460.850.037.540.930.722.133.921.912.9
  • Source: NHANES II (1976–1980), III (1988–1994), and IV (1999–2002). All data are weighted. Race and Hispanic ethnicity is ascertained from a self-report of respondents. Diagnosed prevalence, whether a doctor told the respondent that they were diabetic; clinical prevalence, HbA1c level ≥ 6.5%; total prevalence, either self-report or clinical; undiagnosed, the fraction of total prevalence that is not diagnosed; obese, BMI ≥ 30; low ed, those who did not graduate high school; middle ed, high school graduates; high ed, those who went beyond high school.