Table 4.

Probit models for male prevalence of diagnosed and total diabetes prevalence: Ages 25–70

VariableDiagnosed
Total prevalence
dF/dxzdF/dxz
NHANES IV
Hispanic0.0151.370.0191.52
Black0.0171.570.0282.19
Age0.0123.780.0164.12
Age2−0.0012.63−0.00012.77
Ed mid−0.0040.33−0.0161.26
Ed high−0.0050.50−0.0201.69
Income mid−0.0101.10−0.0161.47
Income high−0.0383.54−0.0473.73
Ever smoked0.0040.500.0111.07
Current Smoker−0.0141.44−0.0161.37
Vig exercise−0.0131.52−0.0161.58
Overweight* 0.0161.470.0392.96
Obesity 1* 0.0241.750.0693.94
Obesity 2* 0.0964.450.1986.88
Obesity 3* 0.1524.730.2887.02
Height* −0.0021.38−0.0021.43
Parent diabetic0.0717.360.0807.18
n 3,1063,1063,1093,109
NHANES III
Hispanic0.0152.350.0263.06
Black0.0203.090.0505.70
Age0.0073.740.0124.95
Age2−0.0002.42−0.00013.36
Ed mid−0.0050.81−0.0111.47
Ed 13–15−0.0010.23−0.0121.37
Ed 16+−0.0060.79−0.0252.45
Income mid−0.0061.04−0.0030.39
Income high−0.0131.98−0.0161.69
Ever smoked0.0163.180.0182.58
Current smoker−0.0193.64−0.0212.98
Vig exercise−0.0111.79−0.0172.23
Overweight* 0.0152.480.0313.81
Obesity 1* 0.0344.120.0817.00
Obesity 2* 0.0664.190.1667.25
Obesity 3* 0.1395.200.2797.63
Height* −0.0010.650.0010.50
Parent diabetic0.0578.910.0789.62
n 5,4195,4195,4265,426
NHANES II
Hispanic−0.0100.970.0120.41
Black0.0273.660.0461.99
Age0.0032.070.0000.10
Age2−0.0000.870.0000.79
Ed mid0.0101.950.0231.60
Ed 13–150.0050.63−0.0180.84
Ed 16+0.0081.050.0110.51
Income mid−0.0102.14−0.0211.53
Income high−0.0111.98−0.0321.98
Ever smoked0.0010.14−0.0322.02
Current smoker−0.0091.890.0050.34
Vig exercise−0.0132.46−0.0040.30
Overweight* −0.0000.080.0302.31
Obesity 1* 0.0070.950.0301.31
Obesity 2* 0.0954.000.0283.03
Obesity 3* 0.1573.180.6643.58
Height* 0.0011.11−0.0041.99
Parent diabetic0.0406.340.0342.21
n 5,7085,7081,5621,562
  • All models estimate robust standard errors. Df/dx are the estimated derivatives, and z are the test statistics for differences from 0. All variables are defined in the text and in Tables 1 and 2.

  • * Variables are objectively measured during physical exams.