Table 3.

Mean signed fluctuating asymmetry (SFA), kurtosis, repeatabilities, and mean relative fluctuating asymmetry (RFA) for 24 traits measured

TraitSFA (SD)KurtosisRepeatabilityRFA (SD)
Ankle girth−1.52 (7.91)1.24*0.73*0.006 (0.005)
Arm length0.82 (14.06)0.510.80*0.002 (0.001)
Breast1.73 (11.47)3.83*0.86*0.036 (0.041)
Calf girth0.75 (5.83)0.860.98*0.013 (0.011)
Calf length2.18 (14.44)2.20*0.98*0.027 (0.028)
Elbow girth−1.95 (9.61)2.93*0.86*0.032 (0.026)
Foot girth1.86 (5.12)0.500.97*0.032 (0.007)
Foot length−1.52 (7.18)0.590.97*0.027 (0.007)
Forearm girth1.82 (12.55)1.66*0.95*0.043 (0.022)
Knee length−0.99 (4.56)0.890.850.006 (0.009)
Leg length0.10 (2.33)4.53*0.84*0.002 (0.001)
Lower knee girth0.82 (4.66)0.070.94*0.012 (0.011)
Mid-thigh girth−1.19 (8.23)0.630.89*0.017 (0.019)
Minimum leg girth0.56 (3.68)1.03*0.96*0.014 (0.010)
Neck length−0.13 (4.37)4.68*0.77*0.002 (0.002)
Shoulder girth2.09 (10.93)1.32*0.77*0.027 (0.014)
Shoulder length1.09 (15.48)1.07*0.82*0.010 (0.007)
Thigh length0.86 (4.84)0.540.73*0.012 (0.010)
Underarm girth0.99 (15.48)1.17*0.76*0.045 (0.040)
Underarm length2.06 (12.49)0.340.890.021 (0.014)
Upper arm girth−1.01 (5.91)0.470.91*0.020 (0.010)
Upper knee girth0.86 (4.90)0.720.89*0.011 (0.008)
Upper thigh girth−1.88 (9.32)0.470.83*0.013 (0.010)
Wrist girth0.73 (4.32)4.53*0.78*0.021 (0.015)
  • *P < 0.01.

  • P < 0.05.