Table 1.

Correlations between strength and measures (Pearson r)

Strength measuresMen: Study 1, n = 62
Men: Study 2, n = 125
Women: Study 2, n = 156
abcdd
Proneness to anger0.38 (P = 0.001)0.42 (P = 0.0004)0.47 (P = 0.0001)0.32 (P = 0.0001)0.07 (P = 0.18)
History of fighting0.47 (P = 0.0001)0.43 (P = 0.0002)0.47 (P = 0.0001)0.37 (P = 0.00001)0.07 (P = 0.19)
Utility of personal aggression0.34 (P = 0.003)0.30 (P = 0.009)0.35 (P = 0.003)0.33 (P = 0.0001)0.06 (P = 0.23)
Utility of political aggression0.28 (P = 0.014)0.27 (P = 0.016)0.31 (P = 0.007)0.15 (P = 0.05)0.06 (P = 0.23)
Entitlement0.31 (P = 0.0003)0.10 (P = 0.12)
Success in conflict0.23 (P = 0.005)0.13 (P = 0.06)
Rumination0.02 (P = 0.45)0.15 (P = 0.12)0.14 (P = 0.14)0.06 (P = 0.25)0.03 (P = 0.36)
  • Strength measures: a, lifting strength; b, self and other perceptions only; c, flexed bicep circumference + b; d, direct measure of chest/arm strength + c. In Study 1, strength measure c is included because it is the most comparable to the measure d used in Study 2. P values one-tailed (all were directional predictions except for rumination).