Table 1

Gene list of C. vulgaris C-27 chloroplast DNA

RNA genes
Ribosomal RNAs
   23SrDNA* 16SrDNA 5SrDNA
Transfer RNAs
   trnA(UGC)trnC(GCA)trnD(GUC)trnE(UUC)trnF(GAA)
   trnG(GCC) ×2trnG(UCC)trnH(GUG)trnI(CAU)trnI(GAU)
   trnK(UUU)trnL(CAA)trnL(GAG)trnL(UAA)*trnL(UAG)
   trnfM(CAU)trnM(CAU)trnN(GUU)trnP(UGG)trnQ(UUG)
   trnR(ACG)trnR(CCG)trnR(UCU)trnS(GGA)trnS(GCU)
   trnS(UGA)trnT(GGU)trnT(UGU)trnV(UAC) ×2trnW(CCA)
   trnY(GUA)
Protein genes
Photosynthesis
  Photosystem I
   psaA psaB psaC psaI psaM
  Photosystem II
   psbA psbB psbC psbD psbE
   psbF psbH psbI psbJ psbK
   psbL psbM psbN psbT
  Cytochrome
   petA petB petD petG petL
  ATP synthase
   atpA atpB atpE atpF atpH
   atpI
  Chlorophyll biosynthesis
   chlB chlI chlL * chlN
  Rubisco
   rbcL
Ribosomal proteins
  Large subunits
   rpl2 rpl5 rpl12 rpl14 rpl16
   rpl19 rpl20 rpl23 rpl32 rpl36
  Small subunits
   rps2 rps3 rps4 rps7 rps8
   rps9 rps11 rps12 rps14 rps18
   rps19
Transcription/translation
  RNA polymerase
   rpoA rpoB rpoC1 rpoC2
  Translation factors
   infA tufA
Division
   minD (minE)
Miscellaneous proteins
   accD clpP cysA cysT I-CvuI
Conserved ORFs
   (ycf1)(ycf2) ycf3 ycf4 ycf5
   ycf9 ycf10 ycf12
  • Parentheses indicate genes/ORFs with limited homology. ×2, Two copies. 

  • * Genes containing introns. 

  • Genes not found in land plants.