Table 2

Selected cortical areas with differential activity during encoding: Main effects

Region, gyrusHemBAPLSSPMZ score
Pictures > words (LV 1)
Extrastriate, GLRight1810−82−1210−90−125.4
Extrastriate, GOmRight1930−821234−8446.2
Temporal, GHRight3628−22−2836−30−244.6
Temporal, GHLeft36−16−16−24−16−14−283.0
Words > pictures (LV 1)
Prefrontal, GFmRight8/9263832
Prefrontal, GFmLeft9−164816−1448203.3
Temporal, GTsRight4146−12446−1204.5
Temporal, GTmLeft21−52−384−48−3843.7
Parietal, LPiLeft39/40−40−5024−52−52163.3
Semantic > nonsemantic and intentional learning (LV 2)
Prefrontal, GFd/GCLeft10/32−844−4−636−44.2
Prefrontal, GFsLeft9−105632−1048364.1
Extrastriate, GFLeft37−36−600−50−46−83.8
Extrastriate, GLRight1810−70010−7602.6
Intentional learning > nonsemantic and semantic (LV 3)
Prefrontal, GFmLeft10−305416−3054163.0
Prefrontal, GFmLeft45−403220−3038284.2
Premotor, GPrCLeft6−34−240−34−6404.6
Extrastriate, GFRight3732−58−20
  • Coordinates and Brodmann’s areas from Talairach and Tournoux (24). X (right/left), negative values are in the left hemisphere; Y (anterior/posterior), negative values are posterior to the zero point (located at the anterior commissure); Z (superior/inferior), negative values are inferior to the plane defined by the anterior and posterior commissures. Maxima from the PLS analysis and from SPM contrasts corresponding to the effect identified on the LV are presented (Z scores are from SPM). Hem, hemisphere; BA, Brodmann’s area; GF, fusiform gyrus; GL, lingual gyrus; GOm, middle occipital gyrus; GH, parahippocampal gyrus; GF(s,m,i,d), frontal gyrus (superior, middle, inferior, medial); GOb, orbitofrontal gyrus; GC, cingulate gyrus; GPrC, precentral gyrus; GPoC, postcentral gyrus; GT(s,m,i), temporal gyrus (superior, middle, inferior); GTT, transverse temporal gyrus; LPi, inferior parietal.