Table 1

Vortex structures in 3He-B and 3He-A

PhaseVortex typenLatticeExper., referenceTheory, reference
3He-BA-phase-core vortex1hex(9, 10)(29)
Double-core vortex1cr(9, 10)(30)
SMV1(31)(32)
3He-ALV14sq(33)(34)
CUV2cr(8)(35)
SV1cr(36)(35)
VS4pr(37)(37)
LV22cr(38)
LV34pr(39)
  • The table lists vortex structures that are observed experimentally and/or predicted theoretically in bulk 3He. The quantized circulation, nκo, refers to one elementary cell. The types (39) of the two-dimensional equilibrium vortex lattices are: hexagonal (hex), square (sq), centered rectangular (cr), and primitive rectangular (pr).