Table 2

Taxonomic characteristics of the endemic reef fish faunas of seven islands vs. those of regional faunas

Family*Endemic faunas,
   %
Regional faunas, %
Average
Range
Group I
 Gobiidae12.47.05.8–8.9
 Labridae12.47.05.4–10.1
 Pomacentridae9.06.04.9–6.6
 Serranidae6.79.57.8–12.3
 Scorpaenidae6.73.32.3–4.1
 Blenniidae5.63.93.1–5.2
 Tripterygiidae5.61.50.4–2.8
 Chaetodontidae4.53.10.9–5.2
 Chaenopsidae3.42.00–4.7
 Muraenidae06.04.2–8.5
Group IIAverageRange in averages
 9 Families2.3 Family−11.5 Family−10.4–3.1 Family−1
 13 Families1.2 Family−10.7 Family−10.1–3.1 Family−1
Group IIIAverageRange in averages
 31 Families0 Family−10.7 Family−10.1–3.1 Family−1
Total fauna88 Species, 66 genera, 1,234 Species, 341 genera,
31 Families62 Families
  • Data are from refs. 713 and 1822; www.biobase.org/cloftep/; L. Rocha, personal communication for Brazil; and unpublished observations at all the islands except St. Paul. 

  • * Family groups: Group I, 10 families with the highest average levels of species richness in both the regional faunas and (except for the Muraenids) the endemic fauna; Group II, 9 families (Apogonidae, Bothidae, Callionymidae, Gobiesocidae, Holocentridae, Monacanthidae, Pomacanthidae, Sparidae, and Tetraodontidae) and 13 families (Belonidae, Cirrhitidae, Congridae, Creediidae, Dactyloscopidae, Kuhliidae, Kyphosidae, Mullidae, Ogcocephalidae, Ophichthidae, Paralichthyidae, Scaridae, and Synodontidae) with moderate and low levels of species richness, respectively, in the endemic and regional faunas; Group III, 31 families lacking island endemics and with low levels of species richness in regional faunas.