Table 2

Economic returns from main land uses and for different socio-economic groups

ActivityGR member ($/household/year per 100 acres)Elite (GR leaders; local, district or national officials; politicians and outside entrepreneurs) ($/household/per year per 100 acres)
Conservation-compatible uses
 Livestock530530
 Small-scale cultivation + farming association51 + 103548 + 103
 Tourism: campsite + GR Wildlife Association  (WA) + elite WA + lodge shares276 + 126 + 0 + 07,294 + 3,500 + 3,638 + 3,976
Total conservation compatible uses1,20519,589
Large-scale cultivation (lease)2,4442,444
Large-scale cultivation (own)14,964
  • Conservation-compatible uses (livestock, small-scale cultivation, game viewing) allow retention of wildlife habitat in the SME wet-season dispersal area. By contrast large-scale cultivation entails permanent conversion to land cover incompatible with wildlife persistence.