Table 3.

Pre-adaptive features of some commonly encountered neolithic fauna

Ostensible wild progenitorAmenable social structureFood preferencesCaptive breedingIntra- or inter-species aggressive-nessAmenable captive temperamentCommensal initiativeCommon name of descendent domestic form
Common NameLatin Name
BezoarC. aegagrusYYYNYNGoat
MouflonOvis orientalisYYYNYNSheep
AurochB. primigeniusYYYNYNCattle
Wild pigS. scrofiaYYYNYNPig
Red deerCervus elaphusNYYNYN
Persian Fallow DeerDama mesopotamicaNYYNYN
Common Fallow DeerDama damaYYYNYN
Arabian GazelleGazella gazellaNYNNNN
Goitered GazelleGazella subgutturosaNYNNNN
Dorcas GazelleGazella dorcasNYNNNN
Forest horseE. caballusYYYNYNHorse
Nubian Wild assE. asinus africanusNYYNYNDonkey
Syrian OnagerEquus hemionus hemionusNYNYNN
Persian OnagerE. hemionus hemippusNYNYNN
Dromedary camelC. dromedariusYYYNYNCamel
Bactriam camelC. bactrianusYYYNYNCamel
Indian ElephantElephas maximusYYN*NYN
Forest ElephantLoxodonta africanaYYNNYN
Cape hareLepus capensisNYYN?N
Black ratR. rattusYYYNYYRat
Brown ratR. norvegicusYYYNYYRat
Grey mouseM. musculusYYYNYYHouse mouse
SparrowP. domesticusYYYNYYHouse sparrow
WeaselMustela nivalisYNYNY?
Marbled polecatVormela peregusnaYNYNY?
European otterLutra lutraYN?NYN
European badgerMeles melesNN?NYN
IchneumonHerpestes ichneumonYNYNY?
Steppe PolecatMustela eversmanniYNYNYNFerret
Grey wolfC. lupusYYYYYYDog
Red FoxCanis vulpesYYYNYYSilver fox
Ruppell's foxVulpes ruppelliiNN?N?N
Golden jackalCanis aureusYY?NYN
WildcatF. silvestris (lybica)NNYNYYCat
Jungle catFelis chausNNYNYN
Sand catFelis margaritaNNNNYN
CheetahAcinonyx jubatusNNNYYN
LeopardPanthera pardusNNYYYN
LionPanthera leoYNYYYN
  • Categories synthesized from refs. 51 and 5961. q.v. for discussion and original reports. See also ref. 62 for a schematic useful in understanding the role of pre-adaptations in inceptive domestication.

  • *, no selective breeding, individuals are turned out to the wild to breed and are subsequently recaptured. Very slow growth of young makes raising uneconomical (18, 60). †, Economic and breeding considerations are projected to be the same for L. africana as for E. maximus. ‡, experimentally domesticated (31).