Table 2.

Associations between CRP and bullying involvement within childhood/adolescence (ages 9–16)

SimpleAdjusted for CRP-related covariatesAdjusted for bullying-related covariates
Bully statusβ (SE)PSig. covariatesβ (SE)PSig. covariatesβ (SE)PSig. covariates
Recent status
 Pure bully0.07 (0.05)0.11Prior CRP0.05 (0.05)0.25Prior CRP, race, BMI, med. use0.08 (0.05)0.12Prior CRP, race, family dysfunction
 Pure victim0.03 (0.02)0.19Prior CRP0.03 (0.02)0.22Prior CRP, race, BMI, med. use0.04 (0.02)0.10Prior CRP, race, family dysfunction
 Bully–victim0.06 (0.07)0.35Prior CRP0.02 (0.07)0.78Prior CRP, race, BMI, med. use0.07 (0.07)0.32Prior CRP, race, family dysfunction
Cumulative
 Pure bully0.01 (0.01)0.63Prior CRP0.00 (0.01)0.87Prior CRP, race, BMI, med. use0.01 (0.02)0.58Prior CRP, race, anxiety, family dysfunction
 Pure victim0.02 (0.01)0.01Prior CRP0.02 (0.01)0.01Prior CRP, race, BMI, med. use0.02 (0.01)0.008Prior CRP, race, anxiety, family dysfunction
 Bully–victim0.05 (0.05)0.32Prior CRP0.03 (0.06)0.66Prior CRP, race, BMI, med. use0.05 (0.06)0.41Prior CRP, race, anxiety, family dysfunction
  • All models were tested using weighted linear regression. Simple models include current status on the bullying variables and status of CRP at the prior observation. CRP-related covariates also included the following: sex, age, race/ethnicity, time since last interview, BMI, recent nicotine use, recent alcohol use, recent drug use, recent medication use, health ailments, and low SES. Bullying-related covariates include sex, race/ethnicity, low SES, family instability, family dysfunction, maltreatment, depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, disruptive behavior disorders, or substance disorders. Boldface values are significant at the P < 0.05 level.