Table 3.

Associations between childhood bullying involvement and adult CRP levels (ages 19 and 21)

SimpleAdjusted for CRP-related covariatesAdjusted for bullying-related covariates
Bully statusβ (SE)PSig. covariatesβ (SE)PSig. covariatesβ (SE)PSig. covariates
Childhood status
 Pure bully−0.13 (0.04)0.002Prior CRP−0.09 (0.04)0.01Prior CRP, sex, race, BMI, med. use−0.10 (0.04)0.01Prior CRP, sex, race, SES
 Pure victim0.07 (0.04)0.10Prior CRP0.09 (0.04)0.02Prior CRP, sex, race, BMI, med. use0.07 (0.03)0.02Prior CRP, sex, race, SES
 Bully–victim−0.03 (0.06)0.68Prior CRP−0.08 (0.05)0.09Prior CRP, sex, race, BMI, med. use−0.03 (0.06)0.56Prior CRP, sex, race, SES
Cumulative
 Pure bully−0.06 (0.04)0.08Prior CRP−0.06 (0.03)0.04Prior CRP, sex, race, BMI, med. use−0.05 (0.03)0.14Prior CRP, sex, race, poverty, dysfunction
 Pure victim0.04 (0.03)0.08Prior CRP0.05 (0.03)0.06Prior CRP, sex, race, BMI, med. use0.05 (0.02)0.01Prior CRP, sex, race, poverty, dysfunction
 Bully–victim−0.04 (0.09)0.62Prior CRP−0.04 (0.07)0.58Prior CRP, sex, race, BMI, med. use0.05 (0.07)0.44Prior CRP, sex, race, poverty, dysfunction
  • All models were tested using weighted linear regression. Simple models include current status on the bullying variables and status of CRP at the prior observation. CRP-related covariates include the following: sex, age, time since last interview, BMI, recent nicotine use, recent alcohol use, recent drug use, recent medication use, health ailments, and low SES. Bullying-related covariates controlled for childhood/adolescent covariates of bullying status. These included sex, low SES, family instability, family dysfunction, maltreatment, depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, disruptive behavior disorders, or substance disorders. Boldface values are significant at the P < 0.05 level.