Table 1.

Estimated 2009 mean bundle prices by Carnegie type

PublisherResearch 1, $Research 2, $Master’s, $
Elsevier1,159,137366,77189,190
Springer382,286184,58352,692
Wiley329,53594,07230,726
Taylor & Francis*299,71272,536n.a.
Sage114,01561,37826,586
ACS62,74342,11922,227
OUP61,60228,2534,543
CUP37,39519,7259,592
Emerald24,4627,5906,661
  • * Our sample of Taylor & Francis contracts consists of only five research 1 institutions and one research 2 institution. We used a simple regression of expenditures on full-time equivalent enrollment to estimate average costs for research 1 institutions. We used actual expenditures on the single research 2 institution (University of Montana) for which we had a contract. n.a, not available.

  • We observed only three Emerald contracts with research 2 institutions and only one (with the California State University library consortium) for master’s institutions. Thus, we simply used sample means to estimate mean expenditures for research 2 and master’s institutions for Emerald.