Table 1.

Annual probability of household migration regressed on temperature, precipitation, and natural disasters using four alternate measures of disasters

Independent variablesDisasters measured
DeathsInjuredHouses destroyedFinancial losses
Temperature−0.150058**−0.143237**−0.147825***−0.144591***−0.121127***−0.116311***−0.171172***−0.165246***
(0.060404)(0.058426)(0.056667)(0.055843)(0.045832)(0.044488)(0.060111)(0.057540)
Temperature squared0.002991**0.002858**0.002894***0.002835**0.002407***0.002307***0.003420***0.003301***
(0.001226)(0.001187)(0.001119)(0.001104)(0.000921)(0.000894)(0.001204)(0.001153)
Precipitation−0.025357**−0.025215**−0.023690***−0.023455***−0.022128***−0.022207***−0.018942**−0.019557***
(0.010877)(0.010589)(0.008853)(0.008880)(0.008237)(0.008121)(0.007482)(0.007475)
Precipitation squared0.005745**0.005798**0.005909**0.005915**0.005800***0.005848***0.004176**0.004357**
(0.002781)(0.002735)(0.002413)(0.002440)(0.002076)(0.002057)(0.001762)(0.001777)
Earthquake−0.000005−0.0000130.0000120.0000110.000160*0.000153*0.0000310.000033
(0.000134)(0.000133)(0.000109)(0.000109)(0.000092)(0.000092)(0.000060)(0.000063)
Eruption−0.000823*−0.000830**0.0008860.0007650.001314*0.001224*
(0.000425)(0.000404)(0.000663)(0.000651)(0.000714)(0.000686)
Flood−0.000158−0.000103−0.000211−0.000160−0.000604**−0.000587**0.0002740.000279
(0.000429)(0.000421)(0.000215)(0.000206)(0.000248)(0.000240)(0.000179)(0.000170)
Landslide0.000688*0.000609*0.0007830.0007240.000441**0.000412*0.0001520.000130
(0.000368)(0.000345)(0.000488)(0.000465)(0.000223)(0.000216)(0.000116)(0.000116)
Observations19,52519,39819,52519,39819,52519,39819,52519,398
  • Logarithmic transformation of measures of disasters and household asset value used. All results control for province and time fixed effects. SEs (in parentheses) corrected using multidimensional clustering. ***P < 0.01, **P < 0.05, *P < 0.1.