Table 1.

Sample size of taxa studied

TaxonProximal humerusProximal ulnaDistal radiusDistal metacarpalProximal femurDistal tibiaDistal metatarsal
Homo sapiens38383830383835
Pan troglodytes17171717171717
Pongo pygmaeus15161616161616
Papio anubis17171712181817
Australopithecus sp.1
Australopithecus africanus14533
Paranthropus robustus/early Homo122
Homo neanderthalensis32211
Early Homo sapiens112222
  • See Table S1 for a breakdown of each sex included in the extant samples and Table S2 for a complete list of the specimens included in each fossil taxon.