Table 1.

List of the 30 Australian mammal species that became extinct in Australia subsequent to 1788

Common nameScientific name
Western long-beaked echidnaZaglossus bruijnii (Peters and Doria, 1876)
ThylacineThylacinus cynocephalus (Harris, 1808)
Pig-footed bandicootChaeropus ecaudatus (Ogilby, 1838)
Desert bandicootPerameles eremiana, Spencer, 1897
Yallara (lesser bilby)Macrotis leucura (Thomas, 1887)
Desert bettongBettongia anhydra, Finlayson, 1957
Nullarbor dwarf bettongBettongia pusilla, McNamara, 1997
Desert rat-kangarooCaloprymnus campestris (Gould, 1843)
Broad-faced potorooPotorous platyops (Gould, 1844)
Kuluwarri (central hare-wallaby)Lagorchestes asomatus, Finlayson, 1943
Eastern hare-wallabyLagorchestes leporides (Gould, 1841)
Toolache wallabyMacropus greyi, Waterhouse, 1846
Crescent nailtail wallabyOnychogalea lunata (Gould, 1840)
Dusky flying-foxPteropus brunneus, Dobson, 1878
Lord Howe long-eared batNyctophilus howensis, McKean, 1975
Christmas Island pipistrellePipistrellus murrayi, Andrews, 1900
White-footed rabbit-ratConilurus albipes (Lichtenstein, 1829)
Capricorn rabbit-ratConilurus capricornensis, Cramb and Hocknull, 2010
Lesser stick-nest ratLeporillus apicalis (Gould, 1853)
Short-tailed hopping-mouseNotomys amplus, Brazenor, 1936
Long-tailed hopping-mouseNotomys longicaudatus (Gould, 1844)
Large-eared hopping-mouseNotomys macrotis, Thomas, 1921
Darling Downs hopping-mouseNotomys mordax, Thomas, 1922
Broad-cheeked hopping-mouseNotomys robustus, Mahoney, Smith, and Medlin, 2008
Long-eared mousePseudomys auritus, Thomas, 1910
Blue-gray mousePseudomys glaucus, Thomas, 1910
Gould’s mousePseudomys gouldii (Waterhouse, 1839)
Bramble Cay melomysMelomys rubicola, Thomas, 1924
Maclear’s ratRattus macleari (Thomas, 1887)
Bulldog ratRattus nativitatis (Thomas, 1889)
  • All are endemic to Australia except for the western long-beaked echidna.