Table S1.

Demographics for studies 1 and 2

CategoryValueCensus 2010Study 1Census and study 1Study 2
n%n%Zn%
Age18–2426,71812.7%5116.7%2.097*44621.2%
25–4470,47233.4%12239.9%2.385*1,27460.7%
45–6475,86536.0%9531.0%1.80034216.3%
65–7420,6059.8%206.5%1.906331.6%
75+17,1408.1%185.9%1.43850.2%
RaceWhite152,92972.5%17958.5%5.502***1,64578.3%
Black25,63211.8%3812.4%0.3491266.0%
Hispanic21,2859.8%5217.0%4.169***1215.8%
Asian7,6383.9%72.3%1.5281235.9%
Other3,3162.0%309.8%10.977***854.0%
SexMale101,27948.0%16252.9%1.7151,14854.7%
Female109,52152.0%14447.1%1.71594745.1%
Othern/an/a00.0%n/a50.2%
EducationLess than ninth grade6,6553.2%20.7%2.504*00.0%
Ninth to 12th grade15,9317.6%4514.7%4.724***221.0%
High school graduate65,95131.3%6822.2%3.417***23111.0%
Some college or associate degree62,65529.7%14547.4%6.753***82039.0%
Bachelors39,27218.6%309.8%3.963***75235.8%
Advanced20,3369.6%165.2%2.616**27513.1%
UsedYes126,47760.0%11938.9%7.531***1,50971.9%
No84,32340.0%18761.1%7.531***59128.1%
IncomeUnder $10,0005,4963.6%6721.9%20.009***1376.5%
$10,000 to $14,9995,0693.3%3310.8%8.538***1316.2%
$15,000 to $19,9994,5492.9%289.2%7.446***1245.9%
$20,000 to $29,99912,6328.2%4514.7%4.800***28213.4%
$30,000 to $39,99913,1828.5%3411.1%1.85728813.7%
$40,000 to $49,99910,8077.0%175.6%1.14323911.4%
$50,000 to $74,99925,51616.5%309.8%3.602***40519.3%
$75,000 to $99,99917,59711.4%113.6%4.932***23511.2%
$100,000 to $149,99916,58610.7%51.6%5.916***1487.0%
$150,000 and over12,1027.8%00.0%5.893***462.2%
Prefer not to say30,87520.0%3611.8%4.069***653.1%
Marital statusMarried113,42153.8%4815.7%13.364***75135.8%
Widowed13,6126.5%278.8%1.682150.7%
Divorced23,03510.9%6822.2%6.324***1416.7%
Separated4,5282.1%154.9%3.317***331.6%
Never married56,20326.7%14848.4%8.576***1,16055.2%
  • * P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; and ***P < 0.001.

  • Census numbers are in hundred thousands.

  • For census data, “No” includes “unemployed” and “not in labor force.”