Table 5.

Comparison of voting proportions before and after Web research for study 3

GroupSimulated vote before Web researchχ2Simulated vote after Web researchχ2VMP
GandhiKejriwalModiGandhiKejriwalModi
11151644303.07014415241316.935**10.6%***
2112183393113199376
3127196430117174462
  • McNemar's test was conducted to assess VMP significance. VMP, percent increase in subjects in the bias groups combined who said that they would vote for the favored candidate.

  • **P < 0.01; and ***P < 0.001: Pearson χ2 tests were conducted among all three groups.