Table S3.

Hypotheses for the 23 replication studies in the first set of prediction markets

Ref.Hypothesis
33White participants with high external motivation to respond without prejudice toward Blacks have an attentional bias toward neutral Black faces presented for 30 ms, but have an attentional bias away from neutral Black faces presented for 450 ms. These biases are eliminated when the faces display happy expressions.
34Participants do not exhibit a delay in response when switching between pronouncing regular words and pronouncing nonwords.
35Naive participants' judgments of the power and leadership of CEO faces are correlated positively with their companies' profits.
36Repetition blindness (a reduction in reporting seeing an orthographically identical or similar word when it is presented in close temporal proximity amid a series of rapidly presented words or nonwords) will occur even for nonidentical orthographical neighbors (e.g., boss and bass) even when the stimuli are nonwords and when they are never repeated in the string of stimuli.
37An increase in participants' public moral image will be related to an increased willingness to reconcile only for perpetrators, whereas an increase in participants' sense of power will be related to an increased willingness to reconcile only for victims.
38Participants instructed to avoid race or use race in categorizing tools and guns exhibited less 1/f noise than participants in a control condition where no mention of race was made.
39Participants with reduced self-regulation resources are expected to exhibit more pronounced confirmatory information processing than nondepleted and ego-threatened participants, whereas no significant differences regarding confirmatory information processing are expected between nondepleted and ego-threatened participants.
40Participants will prefer descriptions of the city of Los Angeles that are more concrete/less abstract when they are exposed to the words “Los Angeles” during an earlier exercise. Participants who are not shown “Los Angeles” during this earlier exercise will prefer relatively less concrete/more abstract descriptions of the city of Los Angeles.
41Word processing is slower for dense near semantic neighborhoods, i.e., words with many near neighbors are processed more slowly than words with few near neighbors.
42Words denoting objects that typically occur high in the visual field hinder identification of targets appearing at the top of the display, whereas words denoting low objects hinder target identification at the bottom of the display.
43Survival processing yields better memory retention than a control condition with a contextually rich (but non–survival-relevant) encoding scenario.
44When there are no nonoccurrences of the outcome in the presence of just one cause (cause A), increasing the number of occurrences of the outcome in the presence of that cause alone does not alter the conditional contingency. Under the conditional contingency hypothesis, therefore, such manipulations should not have a significant effect on causal judgment. As opposed to this, the tested predictions are that (i) such occurrences raise judgments of A as cause for the outcome and (ii) lower judgments of an alternative cause B.
45When participants read sequences of digits and a task requires the joint processing of nonadjacent pairs of digits, they learn exclusively the relation between these nonadjacent digits and not relations between adjacent digits, thus suggesting attention instead of spatial contiguity as the critical factor.
46Drug use is positively correlated with learning from experience under “sunny” conditions (in which win–loss probabilities are known before making a series of choices) but not correlated under “cloudy” conditions (in which the win–loss probabilities are not known in advance and can only be learned through trial and error).
47Drinking lemonade with sugar reduces the attraction effect (the reliance on intuitive, heuristic-based decision making) compared with drinking lemonade with sugar substitute among subjects with depleted mental resources.
48There are semantic interference effects in the delayed naming conditions such that individuals are slower to respond to semantically related word–picture pairs than semantically unrelated word–picture pairs.
49Participants’ ambivalence scores differ across three conditions (implemental mindset one-sided focus, implemental mindset two-sided focus, and neutral mindset), with the implemental mindset one-sided group showing a significantly lower amount of ambivalence compared with the implemental mindset two-sided group. Participants assigned to the neutral mindset condition score in the middle, although not significantly different from either group.
50Visual statistical learning for colors operates in a feature-based manner if the covariance between feature dimensions is disrupted.
51Attentional selection is suppressed, delayed, and diffused in time during the attentional blink, and these effects are dissociated by their time course.
52People who read an essay undermining free will show more cheating in a simple arithmetic task than people who read a control essay.
53When confronted with more than two pieces of information, the salient selection criterion is expected information quality, which causes a preference for consistent information.
54There will be a triple interaction with man's availability, participant's conception risk, and participant's partnership status such that man’s availability and participant’s conception risk interact significantly for partnered women but not for unpartnered ones. In particular, this interaction will show that women with a partner will prefer attached men during the less fertile days of their cycle and single men during the more fertile days of their cycle.
55When asked to intentionally forget a presented item list, participants will forget items that are repeated twice with several other words in between (spaced presentation) more frequently than when they are not directed to forget. This effect will not occur for items that are repeated twice consecutively (massed presentation).