Table S4.

Difference-in-differences results

ControlTreatmentMatched difference-in-differencesMatched difference-in-differences with spatial lag
1986--20012001--2011Difference1986--20012001--2011DifferencePropensity score robustCluster robustCluster robust
LabelTreatmentControlnn matchedRate of forest conversionStandard errorRate of forest conversionStandard errorRate of forest conversionStandard errornn matchedRate of forest conversionStandard errorRate of forest conversionStandard errorRate of forest conversionStandard errorAcceptable covariate balanceATTPercent change in forest conversionStandard errorP valueStandard errorP valueATTPercent change in forest conversionStandard errorP value
(a)JSPNo policy3121772.26(0.17)2.31(0.17)0.05(0.15)4473452.48(0.07)2.02(0.07)−0.45(0.09)True−0.508−20.1(0.155)0.0(0.273)0.07−0.361−15.2(0.182)0.05
(b)FSCNo policy3121821.82(0.19)2.06(0.21)0.24(0.22)2932481.78(0.09)1.15(0.07)−0.63(0.08)True−0.87−43.0(0.19)0.0(0.318)0.01−0.581−33.5(0.191)0.0
(c)CERTFORNo policy3121672.49(0.16)2.7(0.18)0.2(0.23)83512.24(0.19)2.04(0.16)−0.2(0.23)True−0.397−16.3(0.254)0.12(0.23)0.09−0.007−0.3(0.31)0.98
(d)JSP and FSCNo policy3122341.98(0.14)2.12(0.15)0.14(0.16)6876362.21(0.05)2.14(0.06)−0.07(0.07)True−0.208−8.9(0.168)0.22(0.358)0.56−0.128−5.6(0.233)0.58
(e)JSP and CERTFORNo policy3122882.28(0.11)2.2(0.14)−0.08(0.14)2,2232,1292.41(0.03)2.21(0.03)−0.2(0.03)True−0.125−5.3(0.164)0.45(0.257)0.63−0.181−7.6(0.18)0.32
(f)All policiesNo policy312672.42(0.31)2.35(0.43)−0.07(0.4)130682.48(0.18)2.21(0.21)−0.28(0.2)True−0.204−8.5(0.405)0.61(0.487)0.680.31616.7(0.351)0.38
(g)Any policyNo policy3122812.19(0.12)2.27(0.13)0.08(0.15)3,8633,7242.35(0.02)2.09(0.02)−0.26(0.03)True−0.338−13.9(0.15)0.02(0.245)0.17−0.28−11.8(0.171)0.1
(h)FSCJSP4473171.99(0.17)1.99(0.16)0.0(0.18)2931782.0(0.1)1.33(0.09)−0.66(0.11)True−0.664−33.2(0.195)0.0(0.302)0.05−0.284−17.5(0.285)0.34
(i)CERTFORJSP4472132.7(0.16)1.88(0.14)−0.81(0.21)83562.38(0.17)2.04(0.15)−0.34(0.2)True0.47730.5(0.261)0.07(0.058)0.00.3520.7(0.125)0.03
(j)JSP and FSCJSP4474052.31(0.1)1.93(0.1)−0.38(0.11)6875962.36(0.05)2.26(0.06)−0.1(0.07)True0.2814.1(0.138)0.04(0.297)0.370.35418.5(0.207)0.12
(k)JSP and CERTFORJSP4474252.39(0.12)1.94(0.12)−0.45(0.13)2,2232,1182.44(0.03)2.22(0.03)−0.22(0.03)True0.22511.3(0.13)0.08(0.185)0.250.26513.6(0.138)0.08
(l)All policiesJSP4471202.55(0.19)2.22(0.27)−0.33(0.27)130792.39(0.16)2.31(0.17)−0.07(0.18)True0.25912.6(0.293)0.38(0.208)0.270.46625.2(0.232)0.1
(m)CERTFORFSC2931002.3(0.25)1.23(0.16)−1.07(0.24)83372.22(0.23)2.11(0.2)−0.11(0.25)True0.95782.9(0.345)0.01(0.186)0.01.11110.8(0.243)0.0
(n)JSP and FSCFSC2932802.35(0.14)1.48(0.1)−0.87(0.16)6876352.19(0.05)2.12(0.06)−0.07(0.07)True0.80761.5(0.143)0.0(0.418)0.070.59839.3(0.368)0.13
(o)JSP and CERTFORFSC2932842.45(0.14)1.53(0.12)−0.93(0.18)2,2232,1372.43(0.03)2.21(0.03)−0.22(0.03)True0.70947.2(0.154)0.0(0.312)0.040.37220.2(0.322)0.26
(p)All policiesFSC293621.89(0.32)1.5(0.28)−0.38(0.43)130512.25(0.21)2.12(0.25)−0.13(0.24)False0.25113.5(0.389)0.52(0.596)0.690.0984.8(0.807)0.91
(q)JSP and FSCCERTFOR83592.18(0.35)2.0(0.37)−0.17(0.29)6873372.35(0.07)2.13(0.08)−0.22(0.09)True−0.045−2.1(0.249)0.86(0.262)0.87−0.234−9.9(0.277)0.43
(r)JSP and CERTFORCERTFOR83802.29(0.21)2.01(0.19)−0.28(0.21)2,2231,7042.49(0.03)2.18(0.03)−0.31(0.04)True−0.037−1.7(0.213)0.86(0.119)0.76−0.151−6.5(0.11)0.2
(s)All policiesCERTFOR83172.15(0.48)2.14(0.52)−0.01(0.62)13082.02(0.23)2.07(0.33)0.04(0.33)False0.052.5(0.496)0.92(1.094)0.970.71352.7(1.2)0.61
(t)JSP and CERTFORJSP and FSC6876592.46(0.06)2.15(0.06)−0.31(0.07)2,2232,1422.43(0.03)2.2(0.03)−0.22(0.03)True0.0894.2(0.078)0.25(0.256)0.730.0432.0(0.173)0.81
(u)All policiesJSP and FSC6871872.14(0.19)2.3(0.2)0.16(0.28)130812.25(0.16)2.24(0.16)−0.01(0.18)True−0.173−7.2(0.265)0.51(0.449)0.72−0.434−16.2(0.446)0.38
(v)All policiesJSP and CERTFOR2,2234312.28(0.14)2.39(0.16)0.11(0.15)1301042.43(0.14)2.28(0.16)−0.15(0.17)True−0.256−10.1(0.185)0.16(0.232)0.3−0.711−23.8(0.278)0.03
(w)No policy, <4 kmNo policy, >4 km1861022.17(0.21)2.59(0.19)0.42(0.19)126902.23(0.13)2.24(0.15)0.01(0.18)True−0.412−15.6(0.255)0.11(0.345)0.24−0.336−13.1(0.273)0.22
(x)Any policyNo policy3121312.13(0.44)2.41(0.26)0.27(0.38)3,8631772.46(0.11)1.67(0.09)−0.8(0.12)False−1.069−39.1(0.309)0.0(0.227)0.0−0.793−32.2(0.195)0.0