Table 1.

Estimated effect sizes for pedigree and genomic inbreeding coefficients (Fped and Fgrm) in a range of fitness correlated traits

ModelFocal’s FpedMother’s FpedFocal’s FgrmMother’s Fgrm
Juvenile traits
M1Birth date*2.49(13.4)0.85−15.0(19.9)0.45−16.3(10.4)0.12−17.9(14.2)0.21
M2Birth weight−1.29(0.86)0.14−0.58(2.12)0.78−2.25(0.69)0.001−1.95(1.46)0.18
M3Summer survival1.12(3.11)0.72−3.47(4.18)0.410.11(2.63)0.97−4.93(3.21)0.12
M4Winter survival−17.3(3.55)<0.001−4.65(4.68)0.32−12.4(2.53)<0.001−3.06(3.29)0.35
M5Age 1–2 y survival−9.82(4.94)0.05−5.56(5.39)0.30−12.3(3.60)<0.001−7.99(4.24)0.06
Combined juvenile traits
M6Age 0–2 y survival−13.4(3.31)<0.001−5.02(4.48)0.26−13.5(2.46)<0.001−8.71(3.30)0.006
Adult traits
M7Female AFR*−1.96(3.51)0.560.56(2.70)0.86−2.14(1.97)0.283.46(2.04)0.09
M8Female annual survival−2.07(4.97)0.65NF−6.84(3.46)0.05NF
M9Male annual survival−8.41(4.66)0.08NF−1.19(3.80)0.74NF
M10Female ABS−6.24(4.32)0.15NF−8.35(3.22)0.008NF
M11Male ABS−11.9(7.37)0.08NF−13.0(3.43)<0.001NF
  • Estimates for all fitted fixed and random effects in each model are given in Table S3. For the juvenile traits (M1–M6), the sexes were analyzed together, and either Fped or Fgrm of both focal individual and mother were fitted in the same model. Annual survival (age 2+ y) and ABS (age 5+ y) were analyzed for each sex separately, and AFR was analyzed for females only. Significant effects (P ≤ 0.05) are indicated in bold. Sample sizes ranged from 232 to 1783 (see Table S2). NF, not fitted.

  • * Multiplied by −1, as larger values are associated with decreased fitness.

  • Birth date and birth weight fitted as covariates.