Table 1.

Means (SDs) in studies 1–4

StudyConditionClock timePerceived timeIntent (continuous)Intent (dichotomous)
Study 1 (n = 489)Regular speed55.11 (29.38)73.81 (27.47)77.3% (0.42)
Slow motion69.18 (26.73)80.36 (23.13)86.2% (0.35)
Study 2 (n = 580)Regular speed21.85 (21.19)39.32 (25.49)
Paused26.51 (23.41)41.54 (27.54)
Slow motion28.05 (25.04)47.08 (28.38)
Study 3 (n = 410)Time nonsalient
 Regular speed3.70 (1.73)52.25 (29.23)72.94 (28.37)76.0% (0.43)
 Slow motion5.25 (2.22)67.77 (28.51)83.99 (22.43)82.0% (0.39)
Time salient
 Regular speed3.11 (1.04)54.83 (29.81)77.97 (25.82)72.2% (0.45)
 Slow motion3.36 (0.93)62.15 (26.54)83.37 (23.70)83.0% (0.38)
Study 4 (n = 905)Regular speed56.01 (27.98)72.57 (28.92)70.7% (0.46)
Both speeds63.92 (27.46)76.17 (26.51)71.9% (0.45)
Slow motion67.97 (24.52)77.51 (24.26)76.5% (0.43)
  • Clock time is estimated number of seconds. Perceived time and Intent (continuous) are on 0–100 scales. Intent (dichotomous) is the percentage indicating that the action was intentional as opposed to unintentional (study 1) or the percentage indicating a verdict of first-degree murder as opposed to second-degree murder (studies 3 and 4).