Table S1.

Reclassification of USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service Cropland Data Layer (https://nassgeodata.gmu.edu/CropScape/) land covers to (i) model land-use trends surrounding 18,363 registered apiaries in North and South Dakota and (ii) build apiary selection functions for a subset of apiaries in the eastern Dakotas

CDL land coverApiary trends reclassificationApiary selection model reclassification
BackgroundNANA
CornBiofuelsBiofuels
SorghumNASmall grains
SoybeansBiofuelsSoybeans
SunflowerNASunflower
Sweet cornBiofuelsBiofuels
Pop or ordinary cornBiofuelsBiofuels
BarleyNASmall grains
Durum wheatNASmall grains
Spring wheatNASmall grains
Winter wheatNASmall grains
Other small grainsNASmall grains
Double crop winter wheat and soybeansNASmall grains
RyeNASmall grains
OatsNASmall grains
MilletNASmall grains
SpeltzNASmall grains
CanolaNACanola
FlaxseedNACultivated forage
SafflowerNACultivated forage
Rape seedNACultivated forage
MustardNACultivated forage
AlfalfaNAAlfalfa
Other hayGrasslandGrassland
CamelinaNACultivated forage
BuckwheatNACultivated forage
SugarbeetsNACultivated nonforage
Dry beansNACultivated nonforage
PotatoesNACultivated forage
Other cropsNACultivated nonforage
Miscellaneous fruits and vegetablesNACultivated nonforage
WatermelonsNACultivated forage
OnionsNACultivated nonforage
LentilsNACultivated forage
PeasNACultivated forage
HerbsNACultivated nonforage
Clover or wildflowersGrasslandGrassland
SodGrasslandGrassland
SwitchgrassGrasslandGrassland
Fallow or idle landGrasslandGrassland
Grassland or pastureGrasslandGrassland
ForestNAForest
BarrenNANA
ApplesNACultivated forage
DevelopedNADeveloped
WaterNAWater
WetlandsNAWater
Open waterNAWater
Developed, openNADeveloped
Developed, low intensityNADeveloped
Developed, medium intensityNADeveloped
Developed, high intensityNADeveloped
Deciduous forestNAForest
Evergreen forestNAForest
Mixed forestNAForest
ShrublandGrasslandGrassland
Grassland, herbaceousGrasslandGrassland
Hayed pastureGrasslandGrassland
Woody wetlandsNAWater
Herbaceous wetlandsGrasslandGrassland
TriticaleNASmall grains
VetchNACultivated forage
Double crop winter wheat and cornNANA
Double crop oats and cornNANA
PumpkinsNACultivated nonforage
Double crop barley and soybeansNANA
Double crop winter wheat and sorghumNANA
Double crop soybeansNANA
Double crop corn and soybeansNANA
RadishesNACultivated forage
TurnipsNACultivated forage
  • NA represents a land-use category that was not quantified in the analysis.