Table 1.

Physical-chemical properties of NPs

ParticleAbbreviationMeasured size, nmChemistryζ-Potential, mVSurface
TEMDLS
Polystyrene, 40 nmb4010%: 37; 50%: 45; 90%: 54Polystyrene−30.2 ± 0.7Nonpolar
Polystyrene, 100 nmb10010%: 87.2; 50%: 102.3; 90%: 120.4Polystyrene−33.7 ± 1.4Nonpolar
Polystyrene, 200 nmb20010%: 187.5; 50%: 222.3; 90%: 263.8Polystyrene−41.8 ± 0.1Nonpolar
Polystyrene, 500 nmb50010%: 428.3; 50%: 499.4; 90%: 548.5Polystyrene−51.9 ± 0.1Nonpolar
Polystyrene, 1,000 nmb100010%: 837.6; 50%: 969.0; 90%: 1119Polystyrene−61.9 ± 0.1Nonpolar
Diamond-PEG, 10 nmd10PEG11 ± 2105 ± 2*Diamond with PEG+32.0 ± 1.0Polar
Diamond, 10 nmd1011 ± 2618 ± 25*Diamond+33.9 ± 0.3Nonpolar
Diamond, 50 nmd5080 ± 30254 ± 15*Diamond−33.9 ± 0.5Nonpolar
Diamond, 200 nmd200250 ± 50274 ± 12Diamond−38.9 ± 0.6Nonpolar
Diamond, 1,000 nmd10001,010 ± 300970 ± 50Diamond−37.7 ± 0.6Nonpolar
  • %, percentile.

  • * A result of aggregation in aqueous solution.