Table S3.

Solanum starch granule 2D form: Comparison of modern wild and cultivated taxa and Jiskairumoko archaeological grains

Starch sourceNo. starch grains analyzedSymmetrical oval-ovoid form (%)Bell shape (%)Asymmetrical oval with protuberance (%)Asymmetrical angular (%)
Modern
 Seven cultivated350 (50 per taxon)6412221
 Three wild taxa150 (50 per taxon)4022831
Archaeological
 Late Archaic3888NA*22
 Terminal Archaic1100NA00
 Early Formative1291NA00
  • * Small bells occur in Solanum, Oxalis, and Ullucus—among other taxa—and are therefore not diagnostic in the case of archaeological Solanum.