Table S5.

Solanum starch grain size range (length equaling dimension along longest axis)

Taxonomic identification/starch sourceType of tuber materialStatusNo. starches analyzedMean length (μm)SDRange (µm)
Modern cultivated
Paula variety (Solanum sp.)/Puno market*Freeze-dried tuntaCultivated50482312–100
Paula variety (Solanum sp.)/Puno market*Fresh tuberCultivated50412012–75
Paula variety (Solanum sp.)/Puno market*Freeze-dried chuñoCultivated5025154–66
Imilla negra variety/Puno market*Freeze-dried chuñoCultivated5038249–96
S. tuberosum ssp. andigenum/GRIN/USDA PI No. 258865)FreshCultivated/ domesticated5025123–46
Modern wild
Solanum megistacrolobum/GRIN/USDA (PI No. 435072)FreshWild (relative)5027119–45
Solanum infundibuliforme/GRIN/ USDA (PI No. 472858)FreshWild (relative)50301010–45
Archaeological
 Late Archaic starchesUnknownUnknown38291211–58
 Terminal ArchaicUnknownUnknown136 x 38 µmNANA
 Early FormativeUnknownUnknown12221713–43
  • * C.R. purchased tubers at main market in Puno, Peru.

  • Size data not available for S. candolleanum.