Table S3.

GLS branch-specific amounts of evolutionary change in endocranial and dental size and shape

BranchSizeShape
EndocranialDentalEndocranialDental
N0–N10.610.520.790.86
N0-A. afarensis0.610.520.790.86
N1-A. africanus0.770.640.620.80
N1–N21.280.090.900.84
N2–N30.941.720.840.81
N3-P. robustus0.260.090.991.03
N3-P. boisei0.601.401.131.13
N2–N42.151.691.010.86
N4-H. habilis0.550.191.080.81
N4–N52.862.100.941.04
N5-H. erectus0.460.161.050.88
N5–N62.482.220.761.31
N6-H. neanderthalensis0.460.641.471.43
N6-H. sapiens1.041.951.881.42
  • Values were obtained with a GLS approach and represent the number of times the amount of change per branch is greater or smaller than observed in simulated constant-rate Brownian motion (BM) models. Values smaller than 1 indicate less change than expected under a neutral model. Values greater than 1 indicate more change than expected under a neutral model. The branches showing the greatest amount of evolutionary change for each variable are shown in bold.