Table 1.

Z scores of gene–language associations

SumbaTimor
Genetic locusAllMatrilocalPatrilocalAllMatrilocalPatrilocal
mtDNA8.328.325.436.621.01
Y67.767.73.854.042.67
  • Comparing within each group of villages (columns), stronger gene–language associations (bold type) are found for the Y chromosome in all Sumba villages, mtDNA in all Timor villages, mtDNA in matrilocal Timor villages, and Y in patrilocal Timor villages.