Table 1.

Frequencies of d-redistribution and a-redistribution types in the pooled sample and by country (weighted)

A-Redistribution Type
D-redistribution typeEqualizerNonequalizerOtherTotal
Pooled data
 Equalizer3014347
 Nonequalizer1017229
 Other79824
 Total473913
By country—Germany,
 United States
 Equalizer38, 2515, 134, 356, 40
 Nonequalizer9, 1112, 212, 323, 35
 Other7, 78, 97, 922, 25
 Total54, 4335, 4312, 14
  • Types are classified based on the coefficients estimated in individual-level, auxiliary regressions in which we model the amount given as a function of the differences in respondents’ initial gift card values. See SI Appendix, Materials and Methods for estimation details. We use the following coding rules: −0.25≤sensitivity < 0.25, nonequalizer; 0.25≤sensitivity <0.75, equalizer; all other values, other. N = 4, 966.